Question Answer
Science organized way of gathering and analyzing evidence about the natural world
Observation process of noticing and describing events or processes in a careful, orderly way
Inference a logical interpretation based on prior knowledge and experience
Hypothesis possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question
Controlled experiment experiment in which only one variable is changed
Independent experiment factor in a controlled experiment that is deliberately changed; also called manipulated variable
Dependent variable variable that is observed and that changes in response to the independent variable; also called the responding variable
Control group group in an experiment that is exposed to the same conditions as the experimental group except for one independent variable
Data evidence; information gathered from observations
Theory well-tested explanation that unifies a broad range of observations and hypotheses, and enables scientists to make accurate predications about new situations

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